How to do Trap Bar Deadlifts Correctly and Safely [Video & More]

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INTRODUCTION: TRAP BAR DEADLIFT VS CONVENTIONAL DEADLIFT

One of the most common variations of the traditional barbell deadlift is the trap bar deadlift (aka hex bar deadlift).

By standing inside the bar, the weight is closer to your center of gravity, putting you in a more advantageous position to lift the weight. 

As a result, you can generally lift more weight on the trap bar compared to the conventional deadlift. 

The bar also allows you to maintain a more upright posture, which places less strain on the low back.

Here’s what it looks like.

TRAP BAR DEADLIFT FORM

TRAP BAR DEADLIFT BENEFITS

  • Shorter distance between the weight and your axis of rotation (your hips) thus, you are in a more advantageous position to lift the weight
  • Less stress on the lower back compared to traditional deadlifts
  • Increased power generation when compared to other deadlift variations
  • Significantly easier to learn the straight bar deadlifts
  • Decreases the risk of hyper-extending your back at the top of the movement
  • One study shows that it maximizes the amount of power you can produce compared to other deadlifts

TRAP BAR DEADLIFT MUSCLES WORKED

So what muscles does the trap bar deadlift work? As a hip-hinge exercise, the trap bar is one of the best compound exercises you can perform.

Here are all the muscles it works.

  • Glutes
  • Hamstrings
  • Quadriceps
  • Abdominals
  • Forearms
  • Low Back
  • Upper Back

THE PROPER TRAP BAR DEADLIFT TECHNIQUE

  • Obtain a trap bar and load it with the desired weight
  • Step into the trap bar and assume a shoulder-width stance with your toes pointing forward
  • Ensure that you are standing in the center of trap bar
  • From this position squeeze your glutes and begin to lower yourself by bending at the hips first and then the knees
  • Grab the handles of the trap bar and ensure that your spine is as neutral/flat as possible
  • Keep your arms completely straight and look forward, approximately 6 feet in front of you
  • If you are in the correct position, you should feel a gentle stretch along your hamstrings
  • Take a big breath, and hold it in. Begin the pull by driving your feet into the ground until your hips and knees are fully extended
  • Squeeze your glutes to stand completely upright

 

  • Do not let the angle of your back change throughout the movement
  • Reverse the movement the exact same way you came up, by breaking at the hips first and then at the knees

COMMON MISTAKES

ALLOWING YOUR SPINE TO ROUND

Never let your spinal alignment change throughout the movement. This is how back injuries occur.

The deadlift works your back muscles by forcing them to remain in isometric contraction. This means you are resisting motion, and thus strengthening these muscles.

If this is happening to you, lower the weight and work on technique.

LETTING YOUR KNEES CAVE INWARDS

This places too much strain on both the hips and the knees.  Your knees should remain aligned with your toes, or even slightly outside of your toes.

HIPS RISING TOO QUICKLY

When looking from the side, your hips and your chest should rise at the same time.

If you notice that your butt is shooting up into the air before the bar leaves the ground, then you need to lower the weight and work on your technique.

  1. Try starting with your hips a little higher, and
  2. Focus on driving your feet into the ground and leading with your chest

The Trap Bar is just one of several compound exercises you should be doing

To see a list of them all, be sure to check out our FREE E-book that goes over all of the best compound exercises for each body part!



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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Are Trap Bar Deadlifts Easier?

Yes, the trap bar deadlift is easier than straight bar deadlifts.

The weight is perfectly situated at your center of gravity which places you in an advantageous position to lift the weight. It is not unusual to be able to lift ~20% more weight on a trap bar than on a straight bar.

Are Trap Bar Deadlifts Safer?

Trap bar deadlifts have the potential to be safer than the straight bar deadlift.

That’s because your back can remain in a more favorable position at all times.

With that said, you can still injure yourself if you aren’t paying attention to proper technique with either form of deadlift. Always pay attention to form!

Does Trap Bar Deadlift Work Your Back?

Yes, the trap bar deadlift trains your back muscles through isometric contraction. Any deadlift variation requires you to maintain your back in a flat neutral position at all times. In order to maintain this posture, your back muscles must remain contracted to resist any motion.

However, you can decrease the amount of work your back does by changing your starting position. The more upright you keep your back, the less stress is placed on it.

Does Trap Bar Deadlift Work The Traps?

That would be a nice play on words. The trap bar does indirectly work your traps.

If you want direct trap work – try Power Cleans. We have an entire post on How to Power Clean Correctly & Safely.

Can Trap Deadlifts Replace Squats?

You will often hear people arguing about the pros and cons of trap bar deadlifts vs squats.

This is because you can get a lot of quad activation doing trap bars depending on your starting position.

But in my honest opinion, no trap bar deadlifts cannot replace the squat. The benefits of squats are obtained from putting your knees into deep flexion, a position that cannot be achieved through deadlifts.

Can I Do Trap Bar Deadlifts With Dumbbells?

You can, but this exercise will become easy fairly quickly. To increase the difficulty of the exercise, you can simply do Romanian Deadlifts with dumbbells.

Can I Do Trap Bar Deadlifts Without A Trap Bar?

Not really. In this case, just perform a conventional Deadlift, or a sumo deadlift.

What Sets and Reps Should I Do On The Trap Bar Deadlift?

The trap bar deadlift is a great compound exercise that responds well to all sets and rep scheme.

A great place to start is 3 sets of 7-12 repetitions, and also 4 sets of 4-6 repetitions.

What Weight Should I Use In The Trap Bar Deadlift?

Some people find that they can lift at least 110% of the weight that they can normally lift with a straight bar.

HOW CAN I INTEGRATE THE TRAP BAR DEADLIFT INTO MY WORKOUT?

Check out The WCT Best Workout Template For Busy Professionals to find a simple way to add the trap bar and other great exercises into your routine.

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TRAP BAR DEADLIFT ALTERNATIVES

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Alex Robles, MD, CPT / Brittany Robles, MD, MPH, CPT

Alex Robles, MD, CPT / Brittany Robles, MD, MPH, CPT

Alex & Brittany Robles are physicians, NASM CPTs, health & fitness experts, and founders of The White Coat Trainer: a site dedicated to improving the health and fitness of busy professionals. Their advice has been featured on KevinMD, The Doctor Weighs In, My Fitness Pal, Reader's Digest, Livestrong, and The Active Times. Learn more about them here.

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